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State staffing requirements

Page history last edited by acline 11 years, 10 months ago

Hi folks,

 

I’ve been gathering information regarding other state’s wording of legislation that mandates library media specialists. Here are some examples with commentary when appropriate.

 

If people from other states see changes needed, PLEASE make them. WORLD is the password for editing this wiki.

 

Thanks!

 

Doug

 

 

See also:

School Library Data Project list of state standards.

 

and

 

AASL DOE SLMS 2007 Survey Data

http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/aasl/researchandstatistics/doeslms/default.cfm

 

Arizona     http://www.azleg.gov/ars/15/00362.htm

 

A. The governing board of a school district may establish and maintain libraries. Such libraries shall be under control of the board. The board shall be accountable for the care of the libraries, but it may appoint district librarians, or it may put the libraries under direct charge of a teacher or other qualified person. When requested, the board shall report on the libraries to the county school superintendent on forms supplied by the superintendent of public instruction.

 

The two points in ARS 15-362 are: First, School District Governing Boards have the power and authority to establish and maintain libraries, IF they wish. There is no state mandate to do so. (There are 227 school districts in AZ). Second, those Boards may put the libraries under the care of one of the following three individuals: district librarians, a teacher, or other qualified person. Notice the statute does not define “other qualified person”. That person could be anybody from a volunteer to a classified aide to a teacher without any certification in library media to a very qualified teacher with a certification in library media to a person with no teaching certification but an MLS. So, for the district, it’s “anything goes.” However, most of the time the teacher with a certification in library media is eliminated due to budget cuts and replaced with a classified aide. Or in the case of new school construction, we see a classified aide hired in lieu of a teacher with a certification in library media.

 

Kentucky

 

158.102 Requirement for library media center -- Employment of librarian.

(1) The board of education for each local school district shall establish and maintain a library media center in every elementary and secondary school to promote information literacy and technology in the curriculum, and to facilitate teaching, student achievement, and lifelong learning.

 

(2) (a) Schools shall employ a school media librarian to organize, equip, and manage the operations of the school media library. The school media librarian shall hold the appropriate certificate of legal qualifications in accordance with KRS 161.020 and 161.030. A certified school media librarian may be employed to serve two (2) or more schools in a school district with the consent of the school councils. (b) If a vacancy occurs, the school council may fill the vacancy on a temporary basis by employing: 1. A person who is pursuing certification as a school media librarian in accordance with administrative regulations promulgated by the Education Professional Standards Board; or 2. A temporary employee for a period not to exceed sixty (60) days.

 

Effective: July 14, 2000

History: Created 2000 Ky. Acts ch. 339, sec. 1, effective July 14, 2000.

 

Note re: above: a “weasel clause” that allows two or more schools to share that LMS, with the consent of the school councils involved. This has been invoked in many places—for example, one county has one LMS for its 7 elementary schools!

 

 

Illinois (proposed language)

"Librarians won't go quietly" article about the legislation: http://www.southtownstar.com/news/709427,122307librarians.article

 

Section 1.420 Basic Standards

Library and Media Programs

Each attendance center shall provide a program of library and media services to meet the curricular and instructional needs of the school. No later than the beginning of the 2010-11 school year, each district’s program shall meet the requirements of this subsection .

 

1) General

The program shall include a library and media center containing a collection of resources that circulate to students and staff for the purpose of supporting learning activities that require the use of multiple sources of information and other resources such as relevant technologies (e.g., personal computers, LCD projectors, white boards, DVD players). Specifically:

A) The center shall include an organized collection of resources that users can locate, including printed materials, audiovisual resources such as videocassettes, DVDs, and CDS, and electronic resources such as Internet access, on-line resources, and e-books.

B) Resources in the collection shall be available for students and staff to check out.

 

2) Facilities

There shall be space within each attendance center specifically devoted to a library and media center. The designated space shall provide adequate shelving for materials and seating that is appropriate to the needs of the students in the grade levels served. The designated space shall accommodate the needs of students with disabilities.

 

3) Staff

A library information specialist shall be assigned to each attendance center, with responsibility for instructional activities such as information literacy collaboration with other teachers, technology instruction, and reading motivation. Clerical or paraprofessional staff shall be assigned to assist with the library and media program by implementing routine, non-professional library operations and providing technical support. Specifically:

A) There shall be at least one library information specialist employed full-time in each high school.

B) There shall be at least one library information specialist assigned to each attendance center other than a high school. Full- or part-time professional staffing shall be commensurate with the number of students and faculty to be served and their needs related to the program of library media services.

C) The level of clerical or paraprofessional support provided shall be commensurate with the number and ages of the students to be served and their needs related to the program of library and media services.

 

4) Financial Resources

Each district’s annual budget shall include an identifiable allocation for resources and supplies for the program of library and media services. Authority for managing expenditures from this allocation shall reside with a library information specialist.

(Source: http://www.isbe.net/rules/proposed/pdfs/1wf.pdf, pages 21-23.

 

New York NYCRR TITLE 8 - EDUCATION

 

§91.2 Employment of school library media specialist

Each school district shall employ a certified school library media specialist, unless equivalent service is provided by an alternative arrangement approved by the commissioner, in accordance with the following standards:

(a) In a secondary school with an enrollment of not more than 100 pupils, a certified school library media specialist should devote at least one school period each day to school library work.

(b) In a secondary school with an enrollment of more than 100 but not more than 300 pupils, a certified school library media specialist shall devote at least two school periods each day to school library work.

(c) In a secondary school with an enrollment of more than 300 but not more than 500 pupils, a certified school library media specialist shall devote at least one half of each school day to school library work.

(d) In a secondary school with an enrollment of more than 500 but not more than 700 pupils, a certified school library media specialist shall devote at least five school periods each day to school library work.

(e) In a secondary school with an enrollment of more than 700 but less than 1,000 pupils, a certified school library media specialist shall devote the entire school day to school library work.

(f) One additional full-time assistant certified school library media specialist shall be employed in each secondary school for each additional 1,000 pupils enrolled in such school.

Statutory authority: Education Law, § 207

 

New York 100.4 Program Requirements for Grades 5 -8

 

c) Units of study in grades seven and eight.

 

(1) Except as otherwise provided herein, all students shall be provided instruction designed to enable them to achieve, by the end of grade eight, State intermediate learning standards through:

 

(i) English language arts, two units of study;

 

(ii) social studies, two units of study;

 

(iii) science, two units of study;

 

(iv) mathematics, two units of study;

 

(v) technology education, one unit of study;

 

(vi) home and career skills, three quarters of a unit of study;

 

(vii) physical education, as required by section 135.4(c)(ii) of this Title;

 

(viii) health education, one half unit of study, as required by section 135.3(c) of this Title;

 

(ix) the arts, including one half unit of study in the visual arts, and one half unit of study in music;

 

(x) library and information skills, the equivalent of one period per week in grade seven and eight;

 

(xi) languages other than English pursuant to section 100.2 (d) of this Part; and

 

(xii) career development and occupational studies.

 

(2) The requirements for technology education, home and career skills, and library and information skills may be met by the integration of the State learning standards of such subjects into other courses in accordance with the following criteria:

 

(i) In public schools, the unit of study requirements specified in subparagraphs (1)(v), (vi) and/or (xii) of this subdivision are met.

 

(ii) In public schools, the subjects of technology education and home and career skills shall be taught by persons certified to teach those subjects.

 

(iii) In public schools, library and information skills shall be taught by library media specialists and classroom teachers to ensure coordination and integration of library instruction with classroom instruction.

 

(iv) In nonpublic schools, the unit of study requirements specified in subparagraphs (1)(v), (vi) and/or (xii) of this subdivision may be met, or their equivalents may be met, by the incorporation of the State learning standards of such subjects into the syllabi for other courses and/or by appropriate results on examinations which demonstrate student mastery of the learning standards of such subjects. The chief administrative officer of a nonpublic school shall document the manner in which such nonpublic school has implemented the provisions of this subparagraph. Such documentation shall be in writing and available for review upon request by the commissioner.

 

 

 

 

Other states (from survey conducted by Judy Paradis for ALA, Summer 2007)

 

Are staffing requirements for school libraries in your state determined at the state or local level?

 

States indicating no state staff requirements:

 

Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida. Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, West Virginia

 

Alaska

Alaska certifies school librarians, but there is no state requirement or recommendation for school libraries. Local superintendents or principals make the decision. In practice over 60% of Alaska school districts have no certified school library media specialist in the district, although many of these school districts consist of K-12 schools serving less than 150 students per school.

 

 

 

California

California issues a certificate for a Library Media Teacher. the person must have a valid California teaching certificate at the elementary or secondary level. The course requirements include 33 semester hours, most of which are prescribed. Candidates can continue their coursework in order to obtain their masters degree in either education or library science. but that degree is not required to practice. Many candidates for the position practice on the job as they take their required courses.

 

Idaho

The school endeavors to meet the state-recommended ratios for elementary/secondary media generalists and assistants: elementary = 500:1*/secondary = 500:1* (Oct 2006. Not sure what the asterisk is for.) There is currently a proposed rule change that would eliminate all state standards. (Pam Juel, contact, juel.pam(a)meridianschools.org

 

 

Indiana

The Indiana Administrative Code, 511 IAC 6.1-5-6 Media Program, states:

 

Sec. 6. All schools shall have a media program that is an integral part of the educational program. A licensed media specialist shall supervise the media program. Each school shall spend at least eight dollars ($8) per student per year from its 22200 account to maintain its media program. (Indiana State Board of Education: 511 IAC 6.1-5-6)

 

When the Administrative Code was written, the original interpretation was to mean one LMS per building and the dollar amount of $8/student was to be spent on books, periodicals, etc. However, school districts today tend to interpret the statue that if they have one LMS per district and if there spending (including an LMS's salary) reaches $8/student they are meeting the statue. We have many places where they may have a certified LMS, but a zero budget.

 

The LMS who is supervising the program can be the same person for every school as they are not required to actually be in the school for a given amount of time each day. We have some school systems that have a certified media specialist in every school, others that have LMS sharing schools, and still others where they only have one person for all of the schools. Most school systems have a media specialist in the high school, and many in the middle school, but there is no set pattern or requirement.

 

 

Iowa <http://www.iowa.gov/educate/content/view/959/493/>

A qualified teacher librarian, licensed by the board of educational examiners, works with students, teachers, support staff and administrators. (From Rita Martens at the Iowa DPI : school districts by law must have at least some part of a professional library media specialist. No other requirements.)

 

Maine

Staffing is determined at a local level; state requirements have a minimum of one LMS per district who should also "oversee" the school libraries in order to satisfy the state requirements for basic school approval.

 

Missouri

State level through the MSIP process. 1 day per 200 students. This is per building. Suggested not required. From survey: We have state wide standards for schools and in those standards are suggested staffing. When a district is evaluated if they do not meet the suggested staffing they will get a indication on their report that the suggested level has not been met. The schools have a certain number of years to work on improvement. See <http://dese.mo.gov/divimprove/curriculum/library/fourthcycle/ratio_librarian_to_student.html>

 

***After serving as the Library Media and Technology Consultant for the Department for the past 11 years, I have recently accepted a position as the Director of Technology and Libraries in the Hickman Mills School District in the state. During the time I was with the Departmen, the standards which follow were revised though the resource standards are the same as established in 1993. Prior to that time, there were minimums though I don’t have that information at hand.

 

The Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education creates administrative rules for legislation which applies to K-12 education. The method used to review the progress of school districts is that of Missouri School Improvement Program (MSIP). This program reviews school districts every five years though the “resource” information (including LMS per building) is required each year. This information is submitted via the Core Data system used by the Department. In addition to that resource information, each building is required to submit statistical data to the Department which includes collection and budget information.

 

The MSIP program includes two types of standards 1) resource, and 2) program. For the LMC Program, the resource standards are as follows.

 

3.1 Library Media Staff - Certificated librarians and/or library media specialists are assigned consistent with the following ratios, based on the student enrollment at each building:

MINIMUM STANDARD DESIRABLE STANDARD

Students FTE Students FTE

1-200 .20 1-150 .20

201-400 .40 151-300 .40

401-600 .60 301-450 .60

601-800 .80 451-600 .80

801-1000 1.00 601-750 1.00

1001-1200 1.20 751-900 1.20

1201-1400 1.40 901-1050 1.40

1401-1600 1.60 1051-1200 1.60

1601-1800 1.80 1201-1350 1.80

1801-2000 2.00, etc. 1351-1500 2.00, etc.

 

The LMC program standards are as follows.

 

6.8 Library media center (LMC) resources and services are an integral part of the instructional program.

1. The library media staff collaborates with the instructional staff to integrate library media resources into the curriculum.

-Resources are selected by the library media specialist with input from students and faculty.

-The library media specialist and teachers jointly plan and deliver instruction to integrate information literacy skills into the curriculum, as outlined either in a library skills guide or in other appropriate curriculum guides.

-The library media specialist assists all student populations and staff with individual and class projects.

BOLD-Each LMC is readily available and accessible to all students and staff throughout the school day, before and after school, and throughout the school year. A flexible LMC schedule is in effect at all levels. BOLD

-Each LMC uses educational/informational technology to provide users access to internal and external resources (e.g., community resources, the Internet, on-line data bases, computer networks).

2. The LMC policy and procedures handbook is cooperatively developed and includes:

-program objectives aligned with the district’s CSIP and student performance data

-evaluative criteria for the LMC program

-board-adopted policies for confidentiality, copyrights, selection, reconsideration, an acceptable use policy for accessing the Internet, and an intellectual access policy for all LMC resources which have been reviewed within the last five years.

3. Each LMC annually reviews its resource collection using the following guidelines:

-all materials are cataloged, classified, and processed.

-an electronic catalog and circulation system is in place.

-collection-analysis evaluation techniques, including culturally-diverse/equity criteria and criteria directly related to identified instructional needs, are used to identify specific strengths and weaknesses of the resource collection and to guide new purchases.

-the criteria outlined in the state’s library media standards publication are used to evaluate the collection and complete the Core Data reports on LMC resources.

4. The district addresses needs related to the LMC facilities, the resource collection, staffing, and research and information-skills instruction in its CSIP.

 

 

This information may be found on the Department website http://dese.mo.gov/divimprove/sia/msip/ (choose 4th Cycle) and see pages 10 and 17/18.

 

Please note I bolded one of the LMC program standards which also addresses staffing. I have repeated it below in the event the bold does not show above.

 

*Each LMC is readily available and accessible to all students and staff throughout the school day, before and after school, and throughout the school year. A flexible LMC schedule is in effect at all levels.*

 

While in a perfect world each district would respond to these standards to the nth degree – it is not a perfect world. It is true the majority of districts do reach the resource requirements for LMS. Less than 5 percent of the districts (~25) do not meet the minimum requirements. Though I don’t have the percentages at hand and no longer have access to the numbers, there are many districts who exceed the minimum and even the desirable staffing numbers. For example: the Hickman Mills School District has one full time certificated library media specialist in each building. Each of the eight elementary buildings average about 400 students. The middle and high schools range from 900-1200 students. There are numerous districts in the state which have 500 or less students K-12. Many, if not all, have one LMC which serves all students. While the resource requirement for this size school district is 2 days per week, the majority of districts having one LMC serving the entire K-12 population have a full time LMS. This is a very big job and certainly needs to have a full time person but in this example districts would not have to hire a full time person to be accredited by the Department.

 

If I may be of assistance in answering any questions about the school library media centers in Missouri, I am happy to do so. Lisa Walters lisaw@hickmanmills.org

 

 

Rhode Island Staffing requirements are also set by the Rhode Island Basic Education Plan (BEP). Elementary schools with less than 500 students require a half-time certified library media specialist. Elementary Schools with 500-999 students require a full-time certified library media specialist. Secondary schools with 1,000 or less students require a full time certified library media specialist and those with over 1,000 students require two full-time certified library media specialists. However, not all school districts follow these requirements.

 

Tennessee

(2) Library Information Center Personnel

 

(a) Schools including grades K-8 or any combination thereof shall provide library information

personnel as follows:

 

1. A school having a current average daily membership of 550 or more students shall have a

full-time library information specialist with endorsement as a library information

specialist.

 

2. A school with a current average daily membership of 400 to 549 students shall have a

half-time library information specialist with endorsement as a library information

specialist. During the time that the library is open during regular school hours and the

library information specialist is not present, the principal shall designate staff member(s)

to provide supervision to the students in the library.

 

3. In a school with fewer than 400 students, the principal or staff member designated by the

principal, shall serve as a library information coordinator. If the library information

coordinator is not present during the time that the library is open during regular school

hours, the principal shall designate staff member(s) to provide supervision to students in

the library.

 

4. When a library is open outside the regularly scheduled school day and the library

information specialist is not present, the principal shall designate staff member(s) to

provide supervision to students in the library. School boards may develop policies

regarding the appropriate use and training of volunteers.

 

(b) Schools including any high school grade shall provide library information personnel as follows:

 

1. A school with a current average daily membership of more than 300 but less than 1,500

students shall have a full-time library information specialist with endorsement as a

library information specialist.

 

October, 2007 (Revised)

31

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS CHAPTER 0520-1-3

 

(Rule 0520-1-3-.07, continued)

2. A school with a current average daily membership of fewer than 300 students shall have

a half-time library information specialist. During the time that the library is open during

regular school hours and the library information specialist is not present, the principal

shall designate staff member(s) to provide supervision to students in the library.

 

3. A school with a current average daily membership of 1500 or more students shall have

two full-time library information specialists, each with endorsement as a library

information specialist.

 

4. When the library is open outside the regularly scheduled school day and the library

information specialist is not present, the principal shall designate staff member(s) to

provide supervision to the students in the library. School boards may develop policies

regarding the appropriate use and training of volunteers.

 

 

 

Texas http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/ld/schoollibs/

Texas has standards. They are not law. Above is the link.

Look for Standard 2; Principal 2 (PDF page 9, printed page 6) Chart (PDF page 15, printed page 12)

 

 

Virginia

Virginia Standards of Quality

(http://www.doe.virginia.gov/VDOE/suptsmemos/2007/inf136b.pdf):

 

H. Each local school board shall employ, at a minimum, the following full-time equivalent positions for any school that reports fall membership, according to the type of school and student enrollment:

 

3. Librarians in elementary schools, one part-time to 299 students, one full-time at 300 students; librarians in middle schools, one-half time to 299 students, one full-time at 300 students, two full-time at 1,000 students; librarians in high schools, one half-time to 299 students, one full-time at 300 students, two full-time at 1,000 students;

 

5. Clerical personnel in elementary schools, part-time to 299 students, one full-time at 300 students; clerical personnel in middle schools, one full-time and one additional fulltime for each 600 students beyond 200 students and one full-time for the library at 750 students; clerical personnel in high schools, one full-time and one additional full-time for each 600 students beyond 200 students and one full-time for the library at 750 students.

 

Washington

State web site. http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=28A.320.240

RCW 28A.320.240

 

School library media programs - Stocking of libraries - Teacher-librarians.

 

(1) The purpose of this section is to identify quality criteria for school library media programs that support the student learning goals under RCW 28A.150.210 <http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=28A.150.210> , the essential academic learning requirements under RCW 28A.655.070 <http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=28A.655.070> , and high school graduation requirements adopted under RCW 28A.230.090 <http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=28A.230.090> .

 

(2) Every board of directors shall provide for the operation and stocking of such libraries as the board deems necessary for the proper education of the district's students or as otherwise required by law or rule of the superintendent of public instruction.

 

(3) "Teacher-librarian" means a certified teacher with a library media endorsement under rules adopted by the professional educator standards board.

 

(4) "School-library media program" means a school-based program that is staffed by a certificated teacher-librarian and provides a variety of resources that support student mastery of the essential academic learning requirements in all subject areas and the implementation of the district's school improvement plan.

 

(5) The teacher-librarian, through the school-library media program, shall collaborate as an instructional partner to help all students meet the content goals in all subject areas, and assist high school students completing the culminating project and high school and beyond plans required for graduation.

 

Wisconsin

**Standard H - State Statute Re: Library Staffing Wisconsin Statute 121.02(1)(h):**********

each school board shall Provide adequate instructional materials, texts and library services which reflect the cultural diversity and pluralistic nature of American society.

 

Administrative Rule PI 8.01(2)(h) currently in place operationalizing the above Statute:

 

 

(h) Library media services. Each school district board shall:

1. Have on file a written, long-range plan for library services development which has been formulated by teachers, library and audiovisual personnel and administrators, and approved by the school district board.

2. Designate a licensed library media person to direct and coordinate the district's library media program.

3. Provide library facilities within the school building and make available to all pupils a current, balanced collection of books, basic reference materials, texts, periodicals, and audiovisual materials which depicts in an accurate and unbiased way the cultural diversity and pluralistic nature of American society.

4. Provide library media services to all pupils as follows: to pupils in grades kindergarten through 6, library media services which are performed by or under the direction of licensed library and audiovisual personnel; and to pupils in grades 7 through 12, library media services which are performed by licensed library and audiovisual personnel.

 

(Clarification: ... the administrative rule states that there must be a fully licensed person providing library services at the secondary level. Elementaries can be overseen by a licensed person. Interpretation of language in the rule is where the problem lies. There has been major juggling by school boards and administration in regard to FTE. Some districts interpret it as 1 day a week and some have gone so far as to suggest 1 day a year. (especially large districts with multiple schools) Others fully staff their schools with certified MS.)

 

Department of Defense Dependents Schools http://www.dodea.edu/curriculum/infoCenters.cfm

Librarians are officially titled Information Specialists "The Information Specialist provides the necessary human link between a well-developed Information Center program and the users served by the program. As such, they translate

the goals presented in the mission statement into a vibrant, inspiring learning experience. Information Specialists bring to the school community expert knowledge about the world of information and ideas in all their forms."

 

DoDEA Information Centers provide intellectual access to information and ideas for learning by

providing the following resources:

A DoDEA certified Information Specialist

(none for schools less than 100 students, 1 for schools from 100 - 999, 2 for schools over 1,000)

DoDEA certification requirements

Requires a minimum of 12 SH in library/information science distributed over at least four of the following areas: library administration; cataloging and classification; reference; children’s or adolescent literature; collection development; selection of print/non-print materials; current issues and trends in information science; and library automation.

 

Also, requires a minimum of 12 SH in technology distributed over at least four of the following areas: computer applications; multimedia/audiovisual production; internet technology; on-line information/services; desktop publishing; network management; distance learning systems; and library automation.

 

 

Oklahoma

Certification Requirements (State Statutes 70-6-180 et. seq.)

School library Media specialists must …

• Hold a valid Oklahoma Teaching Certificate

• Hold a Master’s Degree

• Complete graduate level classes in school library media

• Pass the state mandated library media competency test. (State Statute 70-6-182 mandates competency testing.)

Candidates may apply for alternative certification. The Master’s Degree may be in any school certification area, but additional graduate level library media classes are required if the degree is not library media. Schools may apply for a waiver of the standards while the media specialist is completing the required coursework.

Staffing

Staffing for school library media centers is outlined in Standards for Accreditation of Oklahoma Schools. Standard VII addresses The Media Program. Staffing for all grade levels is based on school student population.

Fewer than 300 - At least a half-time certified library media specialist

300-400 - At least a half-time certified library media specialist; or half-time library media specialist and a full-time assistant

500-999 - At least a full-time certified library media specialist and a half-time assistant

1000-1499 - At least a full-time certified library media specialist and a full-time assistant

1500 plus - At least two full-time certified library media specialists

 

Elementary schools with fewer than 300 students have the option for a 1/5 time certified library media specialist with a full-time assistant.

(Oklahoma State Statute 70-3-104.4 adopted Standards for Accreditation.)

 

New Hampshire

 

Ed 306.15 Provision of Staff and Staff Qualifications.

(a) To carry out the educational program established by these rules and local school board policy, the local school board shall require that each school provides:

(1) The services of a certified principal, a certified library media specialist and a certified guidance counselor(s);

(2) For the hiring and training of teachers certified under Ed 500;

(3) In each elementary school, the services of a reading specialist and library media specialist to facilitate the delivery of the language arts and reading program established in Ed 306.37(a);

(4) In each middle and high school, a library media specialist to support the instructional resources program and facility requirements of Ed 306.08; and

(5) Teachers, including art, music, health, and physical education teachers, in accordance with class size requirements in Ed 306.17.

 

[The original number 3 read the services of a reading specialist OR library media specialist. We had to fight that one. It still says services of rather than requiring a certified LMS. ]

 

[And yet, the rules are very specifically calling for a "library"]

 

Ed 306.08 Instructional Resources.

(a) The local school board shall require that each school:

(1) Provides a developmentally appropriate collection of instructional resources, including online and print materials, equipment, and instructional technologies, that shall be current, comprehensive, and necessary to support the curriculum as well as the instructional needs of the total school population;

(2) Provides that instructional resources are, as appropriate:

a. Catalogued and classified according to practices accepted by the American Library Association as specified in the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, Second Edition (AACR2), 2002 edition;

b. Organized to make them accessible to students and staff;

c. Managed through circulation policies and procedures that are designed to maximize the use of the resources; and

d. Utilize community resources;

(3) Provides instructional resources to all students and staff from designated space(s) in each school, including:

a. Ready access to instructional resources, including those available online or through interlibrary loan;

b. Instruction in:

1. Accessing information efficiently and effectively;

2. Evaluating information critically and competently;

3. Using information accurately and creatively;

4. Pursuing information related to personal interests;

5. Appreciating literature and other creative expressions of information;

6. Striving for excellence in information-seeking and knowledge generation;

7. Recognizing the importance of information to a democratic society;

8. Practicing ethical behavior in regard to information and information technology; and

9. Participating effectively in groups to pursue and generate information; and

c. Activities to promote the development of reading, viewing, and listening skills; and

(4) Implements a written plan for the ongoing development, organization, acquisition, maintenance, replacement, and updating of instructional resources necessary to support the needs of the user population and the curriculum.

(b) At a minimum, the plan implemented under (a)(4) above shall:

(1) Provide an analysis and assessment of the present instructional resources based on:

a. The needs of the user population and the curriculum;

b. Accessibility of instructional resources to all students and staff;

c. Strengths and weaknesses of the present instructional resources; and

d. Resources available within the district, the local community, and beyond;

(2) Reflect developing instructional technologies; and

(3) Establish priorities, criteria, timelines, and procedures for the selection, acquisition, maintenance, and replacement of instructional resources which shall include but not be limited to:

a. Online materials,

b. Print materials,

c. Equipment, and

d. Instructional technologies.

 

North Carolina

 

The North Carolina State Legislature provides a media coordinator position for each school with 350 ADM or more. Due to site-based management, school systems and principals can make local decisions regarding staffing assignments. Typically, schools smaller than 350 are provided a half-time media coordinator. Allotted teacher assistant positions may be assigned to the media center.

 

The document IMPACT: Guidelines for North Carolina Media and Technology Programs provided by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction/Instructional Technology Division recommends the following guidelines for staffing media and technology programs in all schools:

 

PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION PERSONNEL CHART

 

Recommended minimum staffing for each school based on average daily membership (ADM)

 

1-500

• 1 full-time library media coordinator • 1/2 media assistant • 1 full-time technology facilitator • 1/2 technology assistant

 

501-1000

• 1 full-time library media coordinator • 1 full-time media assistant • 1 full-time technology facilitator • 1 full-time technology assistant.

 

1001-1500

• 2 full-time library media coordinators • 1 1/2 media assistants • 2 full-time technology facilitators • 1 1/2 full-time technology assistants

 

1501-2000

• 2 full-time library media coordinators. • 2 full-time media assistants • 2 full-time technology facilitators • 2 full-time technology assistants

 

http://www.ncwiseowl.org/Impact/Research&eval.htm#mediaandtech

 

Montana

 

From the Administrative Rules of Montana:

 

10.55.709 LIBRARY MEDIA SERVICES, K-12 (1) The library shall be housed

in a central location, and each school shall have a full-time or part-time licensed school library media specialist with a K-12 library media endorsement at the following ratio:

(a) .5 FTE for schools with 126-250 students;

(b) 1 FTE for schools with 251-500 students;

(c) 1.5 FTE for schools with 501-1000 students;

(d) 2 FTE for schools with 1001-1500 students;

(e) 2.5 FTE for schools with 1501-2000 students;

(f) 3 FTE for schools with 2001 or more students.

(2) Schools or districts of fewer than 125 students shall employ or contract with a licensed, endorsed school library media specialist, or seek alternative ways to provide library media services, using licensed personnel. For example, they may contract for services or receive services from a regional, licensed library media

specialist provided through joint efforts of adjacent districts and/or counties.

(a) Alternative services shall include:

(i) instruction in library media skills;

(ii) administration of a library media program that meets the

district’s instructional goals;

(iii) collection, development and management;

(iv) reader assistance;

(v) library media collection management; and

(vi) in-service in the use of new resources and equipment.

 

Library/Media: Program

The school library media program is essential in creating independent learners who are efficient consumers and producers of information. By using a variety of information formats, focusing on the learning process and collaborating with other disciplines, school libraries provide the entire school community with opportunities to acquire the information skills they need to interact responsibly in a global society. An ongoing desire to know, a love for reading and a respect for information will transform a student into a lifelong independent learner. The role of libraries in a democratic society is to embrace the social responsibility of learning.

 

10.55.1801 LIBRARY/MEDIA PROGRAM DELIVERY STANDARDS (In

accordance with ARM 10.55.603 and ARM 10.55.1001)

(1) In general, a basic program in library media shall:

(a) meet the following conditions:

(i) establish flexible scheduling to ensure that libraries respond to

information needs, foster intellectual curiosity, and support learning;

(ii) ensure collaboration with classroom teachers of all disciplines to

implement content area standards and to assist students in

engaging in the inquiry/research process;

(iii) model and support the ethical use of information, adherence to

copyright laws, and respect for intellectual property; and

(iv) advise the board of trustees on policy and rule pertaining to:

(A) developing and maintaining a library collection that is current,

balanced, and reflects authentic historical and cultural contributions of Montana’s American Indians and other minority and ethnic groups;

(B) engaging in comprehensive long range planning to administer and

manage, in a secure area, the human, financial, and physical resources of the library to locate, access, and use on-site resources that are organized and cataloged; and

(C) implementing a viable collection development policy which includes

the following components:

(I) materials selection and de-selection;

(II) challenged materials procedure;

(III) intellectual/academic freedom statement;

(IV) confidentiality assurance;

(V) copyright guidelines; and

(VI) gifts and donations.

(b) include the following practices:

(i) collaborate with classroom teachers of all disciplines to highlight

and reinforce the commonalities and links between and among the

curricular areas;

(ii) cooperate and join with other libraries, information agencies, and

community resources in the sharing of materials;

(iii) encourage partnerships with information centers that use

electronic information systems; and

(iv) participate in school-wide technology and telecommunications

planning and promote its integration into all instructional programs.

 

See: http://www.opi.mt.gov/LibMedia/index.html for additional information.

 

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